Cornish Biodiversity Network  -  Supporting Wildlife Recording

   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z restore

Cornish Red Data (2009)

The descriptive text, below the map, is from the Cornish Red Data Book (2009). The map on this web page depicts the organisms distribution and shows the records made pre-2000 and those made since.

Viola canina subsp. canina - Heath Violet

Range & Status

Native Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate violet; also in Greenland. It is found throughout the British Isles but is in rapid decline.

Regional Distribution

Very rare. Recently seen at one site on The Lizard (SW71) and on Penhale Sands (SW75). Some of the old records maybe the Viola lactea x V. riviniana hybrid with which it has been previously confused. The status of this plant in the Isles of Scilly is under review, but it is clearly very rare.

Habitat & Ecology

Fixed dune-grassland. Older records are mostly from coastal localities and inland records need re-assessment.




The Penhale Sands site is part of the MOD protected area which is within the SAC.

Click here to see Aphotoflora images by David Fenwick


I.J. Bennallick, S. Board, C.N. French, P.A. Gainey, C. Neil, R. Parslow, A. Spalding and P.E. Tompsett. eds. 2009. Red Data Book for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly. 2nd Edition.Croceago Press.

The Cornish Red Data Book Project was led by the Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Federation for Biological Recorders (CISFBR). The full text and species accounts (minus the maps) are available on the CISFBR website.